In the document “First Nationally Determined Contribution Republic of Indonesia” (2016), was explained that Indonesia felt the impact of climate change such as extreme weather phenomena, and an increase in the number of hydrometeorological disasters (floods, landslides, drought, etc.). The Indonesian archipelago is also threatened by sea-level rise. All of these threats are also directly related to the availability of food and living space for people in vulnerable areas. Realizing this, Indonesia together with others countries in the world has committed to facing climate change by the Paris Agreement. Indonesia stated that the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 29% is unconditional, and 41% with international support by 2030, referring to the business as usual scenario. The emission reduction target, known as a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), is divided into 5 sectors, forestry (deforestation and land-use change), agriculture/agriculture, waste, industry and product use, and energy.
Considering that the impacts of climate change can be felt in various regions and that the government is committed to addressing this problem, the next challenge for policymakers is in the implementation and realization of this policy in various policy projects and programs. What is the latest development of these efforts, when viewed from the perspective of civil society organizations that are dealing directly with the impacts and efforts to address climate change in different fields and domiciles? What are some of the pressing problems that require special attention from policymakers, and what programs and policies can the government take as an alternative solution to the problem in question?
These questions were discussed together in a Forum Group Discussion (FGD) on Wednesday, September 23, 2020. Greeneration Foundation as a non-profit organization that focuses on solid waste issues is also present in the agenda. Greeneration Foundation, represented by Dimas Teguh Prasetyo (Ecoranger Program Manager) during the discussion, discussed the importance of changing human behavior as the key to handling waste. According to him, the waste problem will have a direct impact on the climate crisis. Waste that is not managed properly will result in more landfills in landfills (TPA). Moreover, Indonesia is still implementing an open dumping system that has the potential to hurt the release of methane gas and other hazardous substances into the atmosphere. Therefore, Greeneration is here to help the community and other stakeholders in minimizing this impact through innovative and sustainable programs.
In the FGD organized by The Climate Reality Project Indonesia, the Greeneration Foundation also provided several policy suggestions for the government. First, the government needs to formulate policies or regulations that can support efforts to reduce waste. Second, the government needs to formulate standards that carry the principles of a circular economy to be applied to the industrial sector to reduce the rate of increase in emissions of greenhouse gases. Third, encourage the government to be more massive in campaigning for a sustainable lifestyle to the wider community. Fourth, the government needs to create a solid waste data system that has synchronization and integration with all solid waste assets and information in Indonesia. Finally, the government needs to form a special team that oversees the implementation of 5 aspects of solid waste management up to the regional level. These proposals will then be put forward on Friday for future action together with policymakers on Friday, September 25, 2020.
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